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The Enneagram

The Enneagram and Spiritual Formation

The Enneagram

enneagram
The Enneagram identifies 9 basic types of people.  It is best to think of these types as lying on a spectrum that fade from one to the other as opposed to rigid categories with harsh lines inbetween.  Below is a chart showing how each of the nine individual types are grouped into sets of three.  These “triads” indicate the three basic “centers” from which people can flow: the gut, the head, the heart.  Every human being has these three centers, but each individual leans toward one center as the dominant, most familiar place from which to operate in life.  Click on any element in these pictures to further investigate.click here to discover how the Ennegram is useful for becoming transformed into the image of Christ.
triads

gut_1

Gut-centered people act first; think and feel later.  People who flow from this center are very connected to a concrete view of reality and have a very “nuts  and bolts” approach to life.  Their driving sin is that of angerin that they tend to react to their physical circumstances.

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heart

Heart-centered people feel first; act and think later.  People who flow from this center are very conscious of the community around them and how they are being received by that community.  Their driving sin is that of pridein that they are constantly engaged in “image management” in the attempt to be well received by the community.

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head

Head-centered people think first; act and feel later.  People who flow from this center tend to view life from an outsider perspective looking in.  Their driving sin is that of fear in that they feel separated from other people and their environments, causing them to be afraid .

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One

  • Root Sin: Anger
  • Basic Need: to be right
  • I am good if… I am honest, hardworking, and orderly
  • Pitfalls:  Over-criticalness
  • Invitation: Growth
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Cheerful Tranquility (Patience)
  • Temptation: Perfection
  • Avoidance:Vexation
  • Defense Mechanism: Reaction, Formation
  • Unredeemed Attitudes: Obstinate, Pharisaical, Destructive
  • Normal Attitudes: Perfectionist, Wavering, Scrupulous
  • Redeemed Attitudes: Critically aware, Composed, Ethically outstanding

Two

  • Root Sin: Pride
  • Basic Need: to be needed
  • I am good if…I am loving, selfless, and helpful
  • Pitfalls: Obligingness (Flattery)
  • Invitation: Freedom (Grace)
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Humility
  • Temptation: Helping Others
  • Avoidance:Suppressing Needs
  • Defense Mechanism: Repression
  • Unredeemed Attitudes: Manipulative, Dominating, Symbiotic
  • Normal Attitudes: Motherly, Giving, Active
  • Redeemed Attitudes: Caring, Friendly, Original

Three

  • Root Sin: Deceit
  • Basic Need: to be successful
  • I am good if…I am successful, competent, and effective
  • Pitfalls:Vanity (Superficiality)
  • Invitation: Hope (God’s Will)
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Truthfulness (Honesty)
  • Temptation: Efficiency
  • Avoidance: Failure
  • Defense Mechanism: Identification
  • Unredeemed Attitudes: Opportunistic, Deceptive, Career-addicted
  • Normal Attitudes: Pragmatic, Status-conscious, Role-oriented
  • Redeemed Attitudes: Competent, Truthful, Reliable

Four

  • Root Sin: Envy
  • Basic Need: to be unique
  • I  am good if…I am original, sensitive, and cultured
  • Pitfalls: Depression (Melancholy)
  • Invitation: Originality (Union with God)
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Harmony
  • Temptation: Authenticity
  • Avoidance: Ordinariness
  • Defense Mechanism: Artificial sublimation
  • Unredeemed Attitudes: Lamenting, Decadent, Infatuated with Death
  • Normal Attitudes: Aesthetic, Romantic, of good taste
  • Redeemed Attitudes: Creative, Natural, Disciplined

Five

  • Root Sin: Greed
  • Basic Need: to perceive
  • I am good if…I am wise, smart, and receptive
  • Pitfalls: Avarice
  • Invitation: Wisdom (God’s Dispensation)
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Objectivity
  • Temptation: Knowledge
  • Avoidance: Emptiness
  • Defense Mechanism: Withdrawal (Segmentation)
  • Unredeemed Attitudes: Isolated, Nihilistic, Eccentric
  • Normal Attitudes: Analytical, Distanced, Abstract
  • Redeemed Attitudes: Inventive, Wise, Energetic

Six

  • Root Sin: Fear (Anxiety)
  • Basic Need: to be safe, secure
  • I am good if…I am faithful, obedient, and loyal
  • Pitfalls: Cowardice/Recklessness
  • Invitation: Faith (Trust)
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Courage
  • Temptation: Striving for Security
  • Avoidance: Doubt
  • Defense Mechanism: Projection
  • Unredeemed Attitudes: dependent, aggressive, cowardly
  • Normal Attitudes: Duty-conscious, careful, (Anti-) authoritarian
  • Redeemed Attitudes: Loyal, courageous, confident

Seven

  • Root Sin: Intemperance (Gluttony)
  • Basic Need: to avoid pain
  • I am good if…I am optimistic, happy, and nice
  • Pitfalls: Scheming
  • Invitation: Cooperation with God
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Sober joy
  • Temptation: Idealism
  • Avoidance: Pain
  • Defense Mechanism: Rationalization
  • Unredeemed Attitudes: Excessive, Dilettantish, Obstinate
  • Normal Attitudes: Hyperactive, Hedonistic, Superficial
  • Redeemed Attitudes: Happy, versatile, Calm

Eight

  • Root Sin: Shamelessness (Lust)
  • Basic Need: to be against
  • I am good if…I am just, strong, and dominant
  • Pitfalls: Revenge
  • Invitation: Mercy
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Innocence
  • Temptation: Justice
  • Avoidance: Helplessness, weakness, subordination
  • Defense Mechanism: Denial
  • Unredeemed Attitudes: Tyrannical, fanatical for power, violent
  • Normal Attitudes: controlling, competing, direct
  • Redeemed Attitudes: generous, capable of leadership, protecting

Nine

  • Root Sin: Laziness
  • Basic Need: to avoid
  • I am good if…I am calm, in harmony, and balanced
  • Pitfalls: laziness (comfort)
  • Invitation: Unconditional love
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Action
  • Temptation: Self-deprecation
  • Avoidance: conflict
  • Defense Mechanism: Narcosis (Addiction)
  • Unredeemed Attitudes:  Fatalistic, disoriented, stubborn
  • Normal Attitudes: adapted, “requiring little care,” indecisive
  • Redeemed Attitudes: accepting, peaceable, goal-oriented

Online Resources for using the Enneagram

Online Test at similarminds.com

RHETI test – free sample